Raven Matrices is the test of intelligence. It was designed to measure the level of both intellectual development and logical thinking. You can determine the adults' IQ, aged 14 to 65, regardless of nationality, religion and other differences with its help. This test appeared back in 1936 thanks to John Raven. Here pictures are shown with figures linked together by a certain dependency. There will be one missing figure, and it is given among 6-8 other figures below. The task is to establish the pattern linking all the figures in one, indicating the desired figure among the proposed options and in the answer gap. The test consists of 60 tables (5 series). Each series contains tasks of increasing difficulty. By using this methodology author was able to create a test that would be theoretically substantiated, unambiguously interpretable, and whose assessment would be minimally dependent on differences in education, origin and human life experiences.
This test is used to evaluate observational skills, problem-solving and general learning ability. An interesting fact about the test: it was introduced for the British soldiers from 1942, and is used by the military of the whole world nowadays.
A culturally inclusive IQ test
Studies have shown the criteria for intelligence in different cultures may differ extensively. Anyone who is considered to be intelligent in one culture can be considered a fool in another, and vice versa. Behavior, leading to success in one environment can lead to failure in another. And this is a very common general problem in compiling a universal intelligence test.
You can imagine how difficult it is to compare all the cultural features. For example, if a person is asked about history which he is unaware about, it does not suggest in any way that he is not intelligent.
The advantage of this test is its unusual development in order to avoid all the possibilities of cultural embarrassment.
Raven’s Progressive Matrices Test - What does it measure?
What distinguishes this IQ test from the rest? As we already mentioned, a wide range of intelligence assessments is provided here. 60 points, a single raw result - these are all the SPM Raven test components. 60 test items are divided into 5 sets of 12. Each series of tables contains tasks of increasing difficulty. There is no time limit.
This test will be helpful in understanding both abstract thinking and current intelligence.