Szondi Test – Eight Drive Needs Technique
Léopold Szondi developed the method of experimental diagnosis of drives in 1935. The method's essence lies in the following: that the tested person gets photographs of mentally ill people, and the person is to either choose or reject them. Thus, each portrait is associated with hidden aspects of the human psyche.
Szondi developed a structure that allows researching the tested person's subconscious impulses, not always acknowledged by the person, based on the selected portraits. This method makes it possible to obtain far-reaching logical conclusions about the influence of such predispositions on human behavior during important moments in life, on the choice of profession, hobbies, friends, and sexual partners.
Szondi has consistently emphasized that such drives' manifestation form may significantly vary according to gender, age, education, environment, and way of life, so the description of the dominating factors should not be taken literally.
Szondi's portrait election method
The Szondi test became a link between the Freudian test, focused on individual unconscious factors, and Jung's analytical psychology, which analyzes collective unconscious factors. Léopold Szondi directed his scientific interest to the study of the so-called family or generic unconscious personality factors.
Today, the Szondi test is not commonly used in clinical psychology, giving way to more accurate modern analytical tools. However, it will forever go down in the history of psychology as a powerful projective psychological test.
Instructions for the Szondi test
You will see six series of photographs with eight portraits each. Please have a good look at them. Firstly, choose the two images you prefer most (the most attractive) before the rest. If this is difficult to do, then select those portraits that you dislike the least.
Then you will need to choose the two most unflattering portraits (the most unpleasant). Repeat the same actions six times with each of the sets of photographs.