Narcissism is a trait of character consisting in excessive self-admiration and unreasonably high self-esteem.
The pioneer to use this term was Havelock Ellis, an English scientist. He described one of the defective behavior, resembling the well-known ancient Greek legend of Narcissus, who was cursed and died of unrequited love for his own reflection.
Later, this phenomenon was examined by Sigmund Freud, who stated that narcissistic syndrome somehow reveals itself in the sexual behavior of every human being.
You can take the Freud test here: Freud Personality Test
Narcissistic personality inventory
Modern psychology considers the narcissism complex manifestations to be a Narcissistic Personality Disorder, which leads to self-identity damage. The self-esteem of a person with this disorder completely depends on public opinion, and it leads to a clearly demonstrative behavior. Pathological narcissism can significantly complicate life, both for the person and their environment.
In 1988, Robert Raskin & Howard Terry, developed the Narcissistic personality inventory-40 (NPI-40) to determine the level of narcissism. An online version of the test is presented on this page.
For each of the 40 pairs of statements, select one which describes your condition, feelings, or behavior most precisely.
Please note that this test for determination of narcissism level was created solely for educational purposes, and you should not take its results as advice or opinion of a specialist. Even if you score the maximum, it does not imply that you have a Narcissistic Personality Disorder.